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Viewpoints of the Soviets

View of the Soviets

The text in the political cartoon reads: “This anti-occupation poster shows the Soviet Army as liberator in 1945 and oppressor in 1968. One of the most popular slogans of the occupation was ‘Wake up Lenin, Brezhnev has gone mad.’” 

Czechoslovakia began its history as World War One ended and it was freed from the rule of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The Austrians were a part of Bohemia and Moravia, pieces of the later Czech Republic, while the Hungarians remained in Slovakia.

As Czechoslovakia was given its independence on October 28th, 1918, Czechs and Slovaks became one nation, although ethnic differences persisted into the postwar years. Such differences remained potent as Hitler and the Germans overtook Czechoslovakia during World War Two, partitioning the land in Slovakia and weakening the Czechs.

The Soviet Union made agreements with the Czechoslovaks and came to their rescue, but soon the communists overtook the country completely, and by 1968, the Soviets were no longer the saviors they had been. This political cartoon depicts this well as the very same Soviet soldier accepting flowers in 1945 shoots down a little girl in 1968.

Viewpoints of the Soviets